Somewhere in the mid-1800s, Cardinal John Henry Newman put together a book called, "The Idea of a University". His main point is that there are two main branches of knowledge: Philosophical and Theological. Philosophy deals with the tangible world - it means Love of Knowledge. We being a Latin based culture use the term Science, which also means knowledge. Newman insists that the meaning of University is universal knowledge and that include Theology. Theology is not science, it revealed knowledge that is not known from observation - like God-Man, The Trinity, Immaculate Conception, and such things. By definition a university cannot ignore Theology. ------------------------------------------------------------------- Avowals such as these fall strange upon the ear of men whose first principle is the search after truth, and whose starting-points of search are things material and sensible. They scorn any process of inquiry not founded on experiment; the Mathematics indeed they endure, because that science deals with ideas, not with facts, and leads to conclusions hypothetical rather than real; “Metaphysics” they even use as a by-word of reproach; and Ethics they admit only on condition that it gives up conscience as its scientific ground, and bases itself on tangible utility: but as to Theology, they cannot deal with it, they cannot master it, and so they simply outlaw it and ignore it. Catholicism, forsooth, “confines the intellect,” because it holds that God’s intellect is greater than theirs, and that what He has done, man cannot improve. And what in some sort justifies them to themselves in this extravagance is the circumstance that there is a religion close at their doors which, discarding so severe a tone, has actually adopted their own principle of inquiry. Protestantism treats Scripture just as they deal with Nature; it takes the sacred text as a large collection of phenomena, from which, by an inductive process, each individual Christian may arrive at just those religious conclusions which approve themselves to his own judgment. It considers faith a mere modification of reason, as being an acquiescence in certain probable conclusions till better are found. Sympathy, then, if no other reason, throws experimental philosophers into alliance with the enemies of Catholicism.