Boston, MA June 20, 2019

ESAI Energy’s recently released Global Fuels 12-month Outlook highlights how Asia will bear the brunt of the demand shift caused by the International Maritime Organization’s new sulfur cap for shipping fuels in 2020. Asia makes up 40 percent of global bunker demand, with Singapore, China, and Hong Kong accounting for most of that market. At the same time, the relative availability of MGO to LSFO in Asia means that MGO will be a more likely substitute in that market. In other regions, substantial shifts are taking place from HSFO to LSFO. A big shift in demand will move global markets.


At the same time, however, global economic growth and trade flows will continue to slow next year, and bunker demand is expected to contract. This will take the edge off of the cap’s impact, but ESAI Energy still expects diesel spreads will get a boost while high sulfur fuel oil discounts will widen significantly.

“IMO is going to hit Singapore hardest,” ESAI Energy analyst Chris Cote explains. “Complex logistical changes at storage depots are already underway, but we still expect hiccups come January in the world’s busiest bunkering hub.” Europe, home to several other key ports, will also have to act quickly to comply with the rule. “In Rotterdam especially, high sulfur fuel oil is going to move into surplus quickly. The heavy discounts that result will weigh on the margins of some refiners there. Despite higher distillate premiums, there are going to be losers,” Cote says.


Lindsay Meagher
Manager of Marketing & Communications
ESAI Energy
Office:  (781) 245-2036

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